How to Install SSH Server on Ubuntu: A Step-by-Step Guide

  • Post category:Linux / Ubuntu
  • Post last modified:June 14, 2023

Introduction:

Are you looking to enhance the security and remote accessibility of your Ubuntu machine? Installing an SSH server allows you to securely connect to your Ubuntu system from remote locations. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of installing an SSH server on your Ubuntu machine, ensuring a secure and efficient remote management solution.

Understanding SSH and Its Benefits

Before diving into the installation process, let’s take a moment to understand what SSH is and how it can benefit you. SSH, or Secure Shell, is a cryptographic network protocol that provides a secure way to access and manage remote systems. By installing an SSH server, you enable secure remote access to your Ubuntu machine, allowing you to execute commands, transfer files, and manage the system remotely.

Preparing for Installation

Before proceeding with the installation, it’s essential to ensure that you have administrative access to your Ubuntu machine. This will allow you to install packages and modify system configurations. Additionally, make sure your machine is connected to the internet and has an updated package repository to fetch the required packages.

Installing the SSH Server

  • Update the Package Repository: Open a terminal and execute the command:
sudo apt update 
  • This will refresh the package information on your Ubuntu machine.
  • Install the SSH Server: Run the command:
sudo apt install openssh-server 
  • This will install the OpenSSH server package, which provides the SSH server functionality.
  • Verifying the SSH Server Status: To check if the SSH server is running, execute:
sudo systemctl status ssh
  • If the server is active, you will see a “active (running)” message.

Configuring SSH Server (Optional)

  • Adjusting the Firewall Settings:
    By default, SSH uses port 22 for incoming connections. If you have a firewall enabled, ensure that it allows inbound connections on this port. For example, you can use the command to open the SSH port using UFW.:
sudo ufw allow 22
  • Modifying SSH Server Configuration (Optional):

If you want to customize the SSH server behavior, you can modify the configuration file located at /etc/ssh/sshd_config. However, exercise caution while making changes and refer to the official documentation for guidance.

 

Connecting to Your Ubuntu Machine via SSH

Once the SSH server is installed and configured, you can establish a remote connection using an SSH client. Here’s how:

  1. From a remote machine, open a terminal or SSH client.
  2. Execute the command: ssh username@ubuntu-machine-ip, replacing username with your Ubuntu username and ubuntu-machine-ip with the IP address or hostname of your Ubuntu machine.
  3. If prompted, enter your Ubuntu user’s password.

Ashutosh Dixit

I am currently working as a Senior Technical Support Engineer with VMware Premier Services for Telco. Before this, I worked as a Technical Lead with Microsoft Enterprise Platform Support for Production and Premier Support. I am an expert in High-Availability, Deployments, and VMware Core technology along with Tanzu and Horizon.

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