Install SSH Server on RHEL Machine: Step-by-Step Guide

  • Post category:Linux / Redhat
  • Post last modified:June 14, 2023

Introduction

Enhancing the security and remote accessibility of your RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) machine is crucial in today’s interconnected world. By installing an SSH server, you can securely connect to your RHEL system from remote locations, enabling efficient system administration and secure file transfers. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of installing an SSH server on your RHEL machine, ensuring a secure and streamlined remote management solution.

Understanding SSH and Its Benefits

Before we delve into the installation process, let’s briefly understand what SSH (Secure Shell) is and the advantages it offers. SSH is a cryptographic network protocol that provides a secure way to access and manage remote systems. By installing an SSH server on your RHEL machine, you can establish encrypted connections, execute commands remotely, transfer files securely, and enhance overall system security.

Preparing for Installation

Before proceeding with the installation, ensure that you have administrative access to your RHEL machine. This will enable you to install packages and modify system configurations. Additionally, ensure that your machine is connected to the internet and has an updated package repository to fetch the necessary packages.

Installing the SSH Server

  • Update the Package Repository: Open a terminal and execute the command:
sudo yum update 
  • This will refresh the package information on your RHEL machine.
  • Install the SSH Server: Run the command:
sudo yum install openssh-server 
  • This will install the OpenSSH server package, which provides the SSH server functionality.
  • Verifying the SSH Server Status: To check if the SSH server is running, execute:
sudo systemctl status sshd
  • If the server is active, you will see a “active (running)” message.

 

Configuring SSH Server (Optional)

  • Adjusting the Firewall Settings:

By default, SSH uses port 22 for incoming connections. If you have a firewall enabled, ensure that it allows inbound connections on this port. For example, you can use the command to open the SSH port.:

sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=22/tcp --permanent
  • Modifying SSH Server Configuration (Optional):

If you wish to customize the SSH server behavior, you can modify the configuration file located at /etc/ssh/sshd_config. However, exercise caution while making changes and refer to the official documentation for guidance.

 

Connecting to Your RHEL Machine via SSH

Once the SSH server is installed and configured, you can establish a remote connection using an SSH client. Here’s how:

  1. From a remote machine, open a terminal or SSH client.
  2. Execute the command: ssh username@rhel-machine-ip, replacing username with your RHEL username and rhel-machine-ip with the IP address or hostname of your RHEL machine.
  3. If prompted, enter your RHEL user’s password.

Ashutosh Dixit

I am currently working as a Senior Technical Support Engineer with VMware Premier Services for Telco. Before this, I worked as a Technical Lead with Microsoft Enterprise Platform Support for Production and Premier Support. I am an expert in High-Availability, Deployments, and VMware Core technology along with Tanzu and Horizon.

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